Retina Problems: Warning Signs that Indicate You May Have a Retinal Disease

Having some sort of vision impairment? It has estimated that over 1.3 billion people have some sort of vision impairment, whether that means such people need glassed readers or have complete/partial blindness.

The natural declinations in vision take place as we age. It is important to take action on the issue as all vision issues are not normal. Researchers have found that over 200,000 people in the United States alone can get affected from different types of retinal problems. If these retinal problems left untreated, these retina problems can lead to blindness.

But the considerable fact is that how can you tell which vision symptoms are worrying and which are just a result of aging?

Here we are going to discuss some top warning signs that indicate your vision issues could be more serious than simple aging.

A Quick Eye Lesson

Before going to the warning signs, it is important to understand the different parts of the eye in order to understand what the retina really is.

The retina is transparent layer of tissue found at the very back of the eye. When light goes into your eye and reaches the retina, the retina will process this light information and send signals to the brain through your optic nerve.

Without the retina, your brain will receive no signal on what you see. If the retina is damaged or degenerated, it can lead to vision loss and potential blindness.

Warning Signs of Retina Problems

Now that you know how the retina works, let’s look at some of the major symptoms that might indicate that you have retinal problems.

Flashing Lights

Flashing lights may be a symptom of a number of conditions, including headaches, eye injuries, and retinal problems. If you don’t often suffer from headaches or have never known random flashing lights before, this may be a sign that you might have retinal disease or a problem.

As we have seen before, the retina is responsible for transmitting light signals to the brain. When the retina is damaged or diseased, it can send erroneous or abnormal signals to your brain, which could make you feel this ‘blinking light’ phenomenon.

“Dimmer” Vision

Dark vision can be characterized as things that seem darker than usual, are ‘fuzzy’ and see less contrast. Some compare it with its appearance when you wear slightly tinted sunglasses or when you attenuate the intensity of light on a ceiling light.

Double Vision

Dual vision is when you see a duplicate version together with the actual version. The dubbed version is often fuzzy and less clean compared to what you actually see. The two images often overlap, overlap and/or are blurred, which can be disorienting and uncomfortable for people suffering from this symptom. While dual vision may be a symptom of various disorders, it often refers to a retinal condition.

Distorted Vision

Dual vision can be categorized as a kind of distorted vision. However, most people with retinal disorders have some types of distorted vision, including:
Double vision
“Wavy” lines
Things appearing crooked

Blurred vision

The severity of these vision problems may vary, and many people confuse blurred vision with simple age-related vision damage. However, you should always be assessed by an eye care professional to rule out serious problems such as retinal illness.

Specks and/or Lines in Vision

We’ve all been through this before: you see random dots or lines in your vision for a couple of minutes before they disappear. These are normal things that happen to all of us down the road.

However, if you notice that this happens more often, or that the lines/stains do not disappear, it might be a sign that something serious is going on. This is a common sign of retinal damage or degeneration: damaged retina send wrong signals to the brain, which can make you see these random/scribbled lines.

Blind Spots

We all have a blind spot in our peripheral vision due to the manner in which the optic nerve is located at the back of the eye.

The development of more or more blind spots is a worrying indication of retinal problems. These can take the form of complete blind spots, big shadows, or something that ‘blocks’ your vision in a certain area.

Perceptible vision problems that get worse with time This symptom is somewhat more difficult to identify. As we said earlier, it is natural for our vision to deteriorate over time.

But if you see drastic changes within a short period of time, it’s a concern. It’s also worth noting any changes in vision to your eye doctor; they’ll be able to evaluate whether your vision changes and issues are cause for concern, especially if it’s combined with any of the other symptoms.

Types of Retinal Diseases

Each of these warning signs signal that you may be facing a bigger retinal problem. Let’s consider some of the more common retinal problems and how the above symptoms come into play with each of them.

Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

Macular degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss among people over the age of 50. With this condition, the center of the retina begins to degenerate and deteriorate, making vision and vision loss worse.

Types of AMD

With wet AMD, blood vessels develop in areas beneath the macula where they should not. This leads to fluid and blood leakage in the region and may cause quick and massive damage to the retina. You will notice a rapid and serious onset of symptoms, particularly blurred/distorted vision.

Dry AMD is caused by the gradual degradation of those cells Because this happens over time and symptoms gradually get worse, it can be difficult to diagnose. That’s why monitoring regular eye exams is so important.

Retinal Tears and/or Detachment

Like other tissue types, retinal tissue may be torn. The fluid in the eye may then fill the tear under the retina, causing greater pressure. As the pressure rises, and if the tear is not treated, the entire retina may detach.

Retinal tears may cause blurred and deteriorated vision due to fluid leakage. Sudden and rapid symptoms are common with retinal detachment, including blinking lights and ‘floating liquids’ in the eye.

If you get the tear early, it may be treated (generally with laser treatment).Surgery can be used to try to reattach the retinal if it becomes completely detached.

Diabetic Eye Disease

Diabetic eye disease, or diabetic retinopathy, is caused by complications related to diabetes.
Blood vessels in the back of the eye may leak from blood and fluid, leading to blurred/deformed vision, dark spots and pressure in the eye.

By looking after your diabetes, you can avoid this problem. If you have diabetes and experience these symptoms, seek medical attention as soon as possible. You ca,n receive treatment to slow down the disease.

Retinitis Pigmentosa

This is a genetic condition which causes abnormal retinal degeneration. Unlike some of the other problems on this list, this disorder is gradual and leads to vision loss and problems over time rather than an early start.

Since the stems, who are responsible for helping us see things in low light, die first, the first symptom that people experience is usually nocturnal blindness. It then progresses to worsening general vision, blurry and weak coloring, and peripheral vision loss.


Retinoblastoma is a retina cancer. It is a rare type of cancer that typically occurs in children. It can cause tumor growth in the eyes, resulting in blurred/distorted vision, vision loss and even blindness.

Tumors can physically affect vision by damaging the retina, and they can lead to an accumulation of liquid and pressure in the eye as well. Retinoblastoma can be treated with laser, radiation, cryotherapy, chemotherapy or surgery.

Macular Hole

A macular hole is a small hole/tear in the macula, which is in the central retinal region, and may happen due to illness, eye injury, or aging. This small area of damage may result in impaired vision, loss of fine detail, dark spots and a “fuzzy” and “foggy” field of vision.

If You Notice These Signs, See an Eye Doctor ASAP

Any of the signs covered in this paper may indicate retinal problems, especially when they occur simultaneously, or your family has a history of retinal problems. If you notice one of these symptoms, set up an appointment with your ophthalmologist for control.

Get the right eye exam with Retina specialist doctor at the right time for diagnosis of eye disorders! Call Now tel: (815)714-9115

How Would I Know If I Have a Torn or Detached Retina?

Retinal detachment Specialist Plainfield

Retina is thin layer of tissue lines the back of the eye on the inside eye that receives light and converts it into neural signal that allow us to see. When the retina detach from its normal position then it named as torn retina that is an emergency situation can make your vision blurry.

Risk factors

There are following factors which increase your risk of retinal detachment including:

a) Severe myopia

b) Advanced age

c) Diabetes

d) Recent eye surgery

e)Trauma to the eye

f) History of retinal detachment

g) Weak retinal areas (which can be diagnosed during an eye exam)

Symptoms of a Torn Retina

It is interesting fact that the condition of retinal detachment itself is painless. But the matter of concern is its warning signs which almost always appear before it occurs or has advanced, such as:

The black or gray specks, strings, or cobwebs that drift about when you move your eyes and appear to dart away when you try to look at them directly.

Flashes of light in one or both eyes (photopsia)

Blurred vision

Gradually reduced side (peripheral) vision

A curtain-like shadow over your visual field

What Are My Treatment Options?

The treatment process of this retinal disorder will begin with a thorough exam of your eye. The retina specialist will ask you to list your symptoms and both your eyes will be checked. An examination of the retina uses bright light and a special lens to examine the back of the eye. This instrument can provide an in-depth view of the interior of your eye. Your doctor will be looking for signs of tears, detachment, bleeding and retina holes, among others.

If it turns out to be a torn retina, your treatment options will be discussed at that time. Surgery is generally needed to resolve this serious problem. Most retinal surgeries are ambulatory interventions that require a rest period after treatment.

Schedule Your Eye Exam Today

Consult Dr. Ankit Desai who is best name in offering best care for your eyes Our medical doctors are all regional leaders in the field of eye care. There are varieties of reasons responsible for retinal detachments, but the injury needs to be treated as an emergency. If you experience any of the symptoms we have discussed, please contact our windy city retina office online or at 📞(815)714-9115 immediately. Dr. Ankit Desai will treat your symptoms as an eye emergency and set up an appointment accordingly. Quick action can protect your vision from the possibility of irreversible damage.

Get more useful information about retinal detachment

Get Better Understanding on Age Related Macular Degeneration and Its Treatment

An eye condition that will require attention by an eye professional is age-related macular degeneration. Age-related macular degeneration is the leading cause of serious vision loss among people over the age of 50. This eye condition occurs with changes in the macula. The macula is a small part of the retina situated on the inner posterior layer of the eye. These types of macular problems are responsible for the loss of central vision that occurs in two forms, dry and wet. In general, people with this condition have the dry form for which there is no known treatment. On the other hand, the wet condition can respond to laser procedures and other medical procedures if diagnosed and treated early.

According to a retina specialist, the symptoms of age-related macular degeneration remain undetected. But in later stages, many signs develop. The symptoms include loss of clear color vision, dark or empty region in the center of vision, gradual loss of ability to see objects, straight lines looking wavy or crooked, and shapes of objects looking distorted. If you find any of the above symptoms, immediately contact the Retina specialist in Naperville, Illinois for a complete eye exam.

Your doctor will perform several tests to see if you have this or any other eye problem. If the condition is identified early, wet macular degeneration can be lasered and this treatment is called photocoagulation. A light beam helps seal blood vessels that leak and damage the macula. Your ophthalmologists may also inject drugs into the back of the eye to slow the growth of leaky blood vessels. Even if none of these treatments is a permanent cure, they can help reduce vision loss.

Apart from age-macular degeneration, there may be numerous problems that will require the attention of retina specialists. These problems may include dry eye, glaucoma, lazy eyes, eye allergies, myopia, hyperopia, and floating tissues, and stains. You can take the help of the Internet for experienced eyesight doctors of shortlisting in Plainfield.

Explore the web to find out more about the issues they deal with and to check their success rate. Read testimonials on their websites to find out if patients with eye problems have been treated better or not. You can also request recommendations from friends and family to suggest the best retina specialist Naperville Illinois.

Windy City Retina | Retina Center Plainfield, Illinois to Tackle Your Eye Emergencies

Windy city retina is one of the leading retina centers where we are available to handle all your eye emergencies. We give priority to your safety in this pandemic and are taking extra precautions to protect you.

Does My Situation Constitute an Eye Emergency?

If you have any queries about your potential eye emergency, feel free to call our Plainfield office 📞 (815)714-9115. Dr. Ankit Desai will consider your symptoms before recommending an appropriate course of action.

No doubt the eye emergencies require immediate treatment. It has been seen that these emergency situations result from injury or complications related to an existing eye condition or disease.

Get a view On Common symptoms of an eye emergency:

Loss of vision

Change in vision perception

Eye infection

Eye pain

Double vision

Conditions and situations that can lead to an eye emergency include:

Retinal detachment

Blood clots


Diabetic retinopathy

Safety Precautions If You Do Visit

Windy city retina is taking special precautions to protect your health, and we are asking our staff to take certain steps as well.

For Your Safety

To ensure the safety of the patient, we have greatly expanded measures to disinfect our office areas and will be cleaning between each patient appointment.

To reduce the risk of potential exposure, we advise you do not to bring non-essential persons with you to the appointment.

If someone must accompany you to your appointment, we ask that they do not enter the office.

For Our Safety

We are taking steps to protect our patients from the coronavirus, and we ask that our patients do the same to protect the health of our eye care team.

If you are founded with any of the following statements, please call our office rather than visiting.

Fever greater than 100.4

Respiratory symptoms or difficulty breathing

Exposure to someone with COVID-19 in the past 14 days

Placement in quarantine by the advice of a medical professional

What about My Elective Procedure?

When we talk about the elective procedure then it is any type of procedure that can be planned because it is not an eye emergency. Elective procedures include diagnostic testing and follow-up appointments.

Our office will resume scheduling elective procedures as soon as public health guidelines allow for them. If you are unsure if your procedure qualifies as elective or urgent, please call us at 📞 (815)714-9115 and a member of our eye care team will let you know.

We Are Here to Handle Your Eye Emergency

There are many eye emergencies that can lead to permanent vision loss if not treated timely. For any person who has recently experienced vision aberrations or an eye injury, the windy city retina is equipped to handle a wide range of eye emergencies.

👉 Covid-19 Notice- Windy City Retina

Get Detailed Information on Different Types of Damaged Retina

At the windy city retina, Dr. Ankit Desai offers the best treatment for various types of retinal conditions that can negatively impact your vision. Whether you are dealing with a tear, retinal detachment. age-related macular degeneration, Dr. Ankit Desai can help prevent further vision loss and restore vision quality.

Take A View On Different Types Of Retinal Damage

Although there are many different types of retinal damage there are most common kinds related to the following conditions.

Retinal Tear And Retinal Detachment:

Retinal tears and retinal detachment are the most well-known types of retinal damage.

Macular Hole:

The macula is the central portion of the retina and when a small hole develops in the macula then this condition is known as a macular hole.

Age-Related Macular Degeneration:

It is a common tye disorder in people age 50 and older. In this eye disorder steady breakdown of the macula, and loss of central vision.

Vitreous Detachment: As we get older the vitreous gel within the eye shrinks. In this process, there is pulling of vitreous gel at the retina.  resulting in tears or potentially.

Consult Retina Specialist Naperville 📞(815)714-9115 for getting best treatment for damaged retina.

Get An Overview Of Common Age Related Eye Diseases

The structure of eyes is complexes that focus light and transfer it to signals that are sent to the brain where an image is processed. All the parts of the eye need to be healthy to enjoy clear vision. The retina is a thin layer of tissue at the back of the eye and this part of the eye is especially vital to clear eyesight. As we get older the risk of retina diseases also increases. If we ignore retinal diseases then surely we can undergo condition of blindness. At the windy city retina, our team of eye doctors can diagnose retinal diseases for our patients and provide the best treatment to preserve clear vision as they get older. 

How Aging Affect The Eyes?

The tissues within the eye gradually change as a person ages and many changes are a natural part of the aging process which are not a huge cause for concern. The lens of the eye thickens and becomes less flexible as we get older. This commonly leads to presbyopia which is a condition of loss of close up vision. When a person reaches the age of 40 the risk of presbyopia is high but this type of condition can be corrected with the use of reading glasses. 

Retinal diseases linked to aging

There is a wide range of retinal diseases associated with aging and those include age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and retinal detachment.

Age-Related macular degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration is an incurable eye disease that is leading cause of vision loss in American over the age of 60. This condition develops when the small central portion of the retina that is called macula deteriorates. This kind of retinal disorder compromises the central vision that makes it difficult for people to process fine. 

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes complication that causes damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. Uncontrolled blood sugar is the direct cause of diabetic retinopathy but the risk of this retinal disorder increases with aging. 

Retinal Detachment

Retinal detachment is a type of eye condition in which the retina at the back of the eye pulls away from its normal position. In this way, the retinal detachment is responsible for the separation of retinal cells from the layer of blood vessels that provide oxygen and nourishment. If retinal detachment is left untreated for a long time then the risk of permanent vision loss in the affected eye remains high. There may be different causes of retinal detachment but aging is a known risk factor. 

Take steps to preserve vision                  

These types of age-related to retinal disorders cannot always be prevented. However, there are simple steps that can make it easy to diagnose and treat eye diseases before there is permanent damage.

Visit Your Doctor Regularly As You Age

Report Any Usual Symptoms As Soon As Possible

Good Eye Health Starts with Diet that is rich in vitamin and nutrients 

Wear UV protective eyewear when in the sun

Quit Smoking

Manage any other health conditions such as diabetes and heart diseases 

Schedule An Appointment

At the windy city retina, Dr. Ankit Desai with his team of ophthalmologists dedicated to offering treatment for a wide range of eye diseases. If you are concern about your eye health you can call us on 📞 (815)714-9115 to schedule an appointment with one of our experienced eye doctors.

Online Guide To Know About Keratoconus

Keratoconus is degenerated disease of the cornea that occurs when corneal lens starts thinning and starts bulging out to form a cone like structure. According to the best eye specialist in Illinois, the Keratoconus begins to first affect people ages 10 to 25 and who suffer from this corneal disease may have problem of blurred vision and sensitivity to light and glare. In this type of corneal disease both eyes of human get affected and in case if it left untreated there is possibly that one might have to go for a cornea transplant. 

Causes of Keratoconus

Genetic lineage
Rubbing your eyes often
Enzyme imbalance
Incorrect use of contact lens
Symptoms of Keratoconus

Signs and symptoms of keratoconus may change as the disease progresses. They include:

Blurred or distorted vision
Increased sensitivity to bright light and glare, which can cause problems with night driving
A need for frequent changes in eyeglass prescriptions
Sudden worsening or clouding of vision

Treatments for Keratoconus

People who think that the keratoconus surgery is the only treatment to it but it not true and it only depend upon the stage of the disease which ranges between Pre- Keratoconus, Mild, Moderate, Severe and Corneal Transplant Surgical, your doctor might suggest you a contact lens or a Keratoconus surgery.

Does it Affect Both Eyes?
It usually affects both eye though the severity in each eye may differ.

Consult Dr Ankit Desai 📞 815)714-9115 or book your appointment at windy city retina

All That You Should Know About Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that affects eyes. It is caused by damage to the blood vessels of retina-the light sensitive tissue that lines the back part of the eye.

Cause of Diabetic Retinopathy

The primary cause of diabetic retinopathy is diabetes—a condition in which the levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood are too high. Elevated sugar levels from diabetes can damage the small blood vessels that nourish the retina and may, in some cases, block them completely.

Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy

  • Spots or dark strings floating in your vision (floaters)
  • Blurred vision
  • Fluctuating vision
  • Impaired color vision
  • Dark or empty areas in your vision
  • Vision loss

Risk factors

Anyone who has diabetes can develop diabetic retinopathy. Risk of developing the eye condition can increase as a result of:

Duration of diabetes — the longer you have diabetes, the greater your risk of developing diabetic retinopathy

Poor control of your blood sugar level

High blood pressure

High cholesterol


Tobacco use

Being African-American, Hispanic or Native American

Four Stages of Diabetic Retinopathy

Stage 1: Mild nonproliferative retinopathy — microaneurysms
Stage 2: Moderate nonproliferative retinopathy — blocked blood vessels
Stage 3: Severe nonproliferative retinopathy — more blocked blood vessels & a call for help

Stage 4: Proliferative retinopathy — blood vessels grow on the retina


Diabetic retinopathy involves the abnormal growth of blood vessels in the retina. Complications can lead to serious vision problems:

Vitreous hemorrhage:

Diabetic retinopathy involves the abnormal growth of blood vessels in the retina. The new blood vessels may lead into the clear, jelly-like substance that fills the center of your eye. If the amount of bleeding is small there may be a few dark spots. But in case if the bleeding is more the blood can fill the vitreous cavity and completely block your vision.

Vitreous hemorrhage by itself is not responsible for permanent vision loss. The blood often clears from the eye within a few weeks or months. In this way you can save your retina from getting damaged and thus your vision may return to its previous clarity.

Retinal Detachment

Due to the abnormal blood vessels associated with diabetic retinopathy there is stimulating growth of scar tissue, which can pull the retina away from the back of the eye.


Glaucoma is a group of eye condition in which new blood vessels may grow in the front part of your eye and interfere with the normal flow of fluid out of the eye. This type of condition causing pressure in the eye to build up (glaucoma) and this pressure can damage the nerve that carries images from your eye to your brain (optic nerve).


If we talk about the complete vision loss then diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma or both are leading factors.

Book your appointment with an ophthalmologist at windy city retina for best treatment for diabetic retinopathy

Get Everything Know about Retinal Detachment

Retinal detachment is the condition of an eye in which a thin layer of the tissue at the back of the eye pulls away from the layer of blood vessels that provide it with oxygen and nutrients.

Some of the Conventional Retinal Detachment Treatments Include:


Vasectomy is a surgical procedure done by a specialist and in this procedure, the vitreous liquid is removed from the eye to provide better access to retina. This medical procedure is helpful for a variety of repairs, including the removal of scar tissue, laser repair of retinal detachments, and treatment of macular holes.

Scleral Bulking:

Scleral buckling is a surgical procedure performed by surgeons to repair a retinal detachment. This type of surgery is done by a surgeon with attaching a piece of silicone or a sponge onto the white of the eye at the spot of a retinal tear. The buckles push the sclera toward the retinal tear or break and thus repair the retinal detachment.

Laser/ Freezing treatment:

In this procedure, your surgeon will perform a laser to make small burns around the tear. The burns result in damaging that aids in the shutting of the tissue around the tear, which stops fluid from progressing and leading to a full-blown retinal detachment. Freezing is used with a special probe that relates intense cold to freeze the retina ensuing in scar tissue that will help enclose and fully seal the tear.

Pneumatic Retinopexy:

To repair certain types of retinal detachments, this type of surgery is done. Pneumatic retinopexy is usually an outpatient procedure, which means you don’t need to stay in the hospital. Your eye is numbed with local anesthesia before surgery. After that, the eye doctor (ophthalmologist) injects a gas bubble into the middle of the eye

Answer To Frequently Asked Queries

How Long Will I Have Double Vision After Detached Retina Surgery?

The first day after surgery it has noticed that the vision is worse because of eye medication or/and inflammation from surgery. There is a problem of double vision that can come into existence and will usually resolve over the first few days. Your vision should progressively improve, but it may take up to six months or longer to recover your best vision.

Distorted Vision After Retinal Detachment Surgery?

After the successful retinal detachment surgery, the loss of vision may occur. Causes contain a change in refraction (strength of glasses), cataract, retinal disease, or recurrent detachment. There are many causes why your sight may be poor following retinal detachment surgery.

Things to Know About Detached Retina Surgery Recovery 

For a few days after the surgery, you may have some pain in your eye and your vision may be blurry. You may have swollen, red, or tender in your eyes for several weeks. If your ophthalmologist used a gas bubble to flatten your retina during surgery, it is advised to keep your head in a special position for a few days or longer.

How to Improve Vision after Retinal Detachment Surgery?

It may take many months to improve your vision after retinal detachment surgery and in some cases may never fully return. Unfortunately, in the case of some patients with chronic retinal detachment, do not recover any vision. The less vision may be expected to return in case of severe detachment, and the longer it has been present.

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Learn Some Interesting Facts About Age-Related Macular Degeneration

The macula is the central area of the retina and in case if someone suffering from macular degeneration then the macula gets affected. People over age of 50 may suffer from this kind of eye disorder and as age related macular degeneration progresses, the ability to see things clearly worsens.

It is possible that AMD affect one eye more than the other but as the disease progresses both the eyes may become affected. In case if an individual has macular degeneration in one eye there is possibility that he or she is more likely to develop it in the other eye than someone who does not.

Types of Macular Degeneration
a) Wet Macular Degeneration
b) Dry Macular Degeneration

Wet macular degeneration: It is a chronic eye disorder that is responsible for the blurred vision or a blind spot in your visual field. This type of AMD is caused by abnormal blood vessels that develop under the macula and break, bleed, and leak fluid. Wet macular degeneration demages the macula and if left untreated can result in rapid and severe loss of central vision.

Dry macular degeneration: It is a common eye disorder and people over 50 can suffer from such type of macular degeneration. If someone suffering from dry macular degeneration then It causes blurred or reduced central vision, due to thinning of the macula (MAK-u-luh). In this type of macula disorder the blood vessels in the eye do not leak. And in most cases it affects both eyes.

However knowing the exact cause of AMD is unknown, but the condition develops as the eye ages.

• Distortion (warping) of straight lines
• A decrease in the intensity or brightness of colors
• A gradual or sudden loss of central vision, or
• Dark, blurry areas in the center of vision.

Consult Dr Ankit Desai 📞 (815)714-9115 for getting best treatment for age related macular degeneration

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