Get An Overview Of Common Age Related Eye Diseases

The structure of eyes is complexes that focus light and transfer it to signals that are sent to the brain where an image is processed. All the parts of the eye need to be healthy to enjoy clear vision. The retina is a thin layer of tissue at the back of the eye and this part of the eye is especially vital to clear eyesight. As we get older the risk of retina diseases also increases. If we ignore retinal diseases then surely we can undergo condition of blindness. At the windy city retina, our team of eye doctors can diagnose retinal diseases for our patients and provide the best treatment to preserve clear vision as they get older. 

How Aging Affect The Eyes?

The tissues within the eye gradually change as a person ages and many changes are a natural part of the aging process which are not a huge cause for concern. The lens of the eye thickens and becomes less flexible as we get older. This commonly leads to presbyopia which is a condition of loss of close up vision. When a person reaches the age of 40 the risk of presbyopia is high but this type of condition can be corrected with the use of reading glasses. 

Retinal diseases linked to aging

There is a wide range of retinal diseases associated with aging and those include age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and retinal detachment.

Age-Related macular degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration is an incurable eye disease that is leading cause of vision loss in American over the age of 60. This condition develops when the small central portion of the retina that is called macula deteriorates. This kind of retinal disorder compromises the central vision that makes it difficult for people to process fine. 

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes complication that causes damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. Uncontrolled blood sugar is the direct cause of diabetic retinopathy but the risk of this retinal disorder increases with aging. 

Retinal Detachment

Retinal detachment is a type of eye condition in which the retina at the back of the eye pulls away from its normal position. In this way, the retinal detachment is responsible for the separation of retinal cells from the layer of blood vessels that provide oxygen and nourishment. If retinal detachment is left untreated for a long time then the risk of permanent vision loss in the affected eye remains high. There may be different causes of retinal detachment but aging is a known risk factor. 

Take steps to preserve vision                  

These types of age-related to retinal disorders cannot always be prevented. However, there are simple steps that can make it easy to diagnose and treat eye diseases before there is permanent damage.

Visit Your Doctor Regularly As You Age

Report Any Usual Symptoms As Soon As Possible

Good Eye Health Starts with Diet that is rich in vitamin and nutrients 

Wear UV protective eyewear when in the sun

Quit Smoking

Manage any other health conditions such as diabetes and heart diseases 

Schedule An Appointment

At the windy city retina, Dr. Ankit Desai with his team of ophthalmologists dedicated to offering treatment for a wide range of eye diseases. If you are concern about your eye health you can call us on 📞 (815)714-9115 to schedule an appointment with one of our experienced eye doctors.

Online Guide To Know About Keratoconus

Keratoconus is degenerated disease of the cornea that occurs when corneal lens starts thinning and starts bulging out to form a cone like structure. According to the best eye specialist in Illinois, the Keratoconus begins to first affect people ages 10 to 25 and who suffer from this corneal disease may have problem of blurred vision and sensitivity to light and glare. In this type of corneal disease both eyes of human get affected and in case if it left untreated there is possibly that one might have to go for a cornea transplant. 

Causes of Keratoconus

Genetic lineage
Rubbing your eyes often
Enzyme imbalance
Incorrect use of contact lens
Symptoms of Keratoconus

Signs and symptoms of keratoconus may change as the disease progresses. They include:

Blurred or distorted vision
Increased sensitivity to bright light and glare, which can cause problems with night driving
A need for frequent changes in eyeglass prescriptions
Sudden worsening or clouding of vision

Treatments for Keratoconus

People who think that the keratoconus surgery is the only treatment to it but it not true and it only depend upon the stage of the disease which ranges between Pre- Keratoconus, Mild, Moderate, Severe and Corneal Transplant Surgical, your doctor might suggest you a contact lens or a Keratoconus surgery.

Does it Affect Both Eyes?
It usually affects both eye though the severity in each eye may differ.

Consult Dr Ankit Desai 📞 815)714-9115 or book your appointment at windy city retina

All That You Should Know About Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that affects eyes. It is caused by damage to the blood vessels of retina-the light sensitive tissue that lines the back part of the eye.

Cause of Diabetic Retinopathy

The primary cause of diabetic retinopathy is diabetes—a condition in which the levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood are too high. Elevated sugar levels from diabetes can damage the small blood vessels that nourish the retina and may, in some cases, block them completely.

Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy

  • Spots or dark strings floating in your vision (floaters)
  • Blurred vision
  • Fluctuating vision
  • Impaired color vision
  • Dark or empty areas in your vision
  • Vision loss

Risk factors

Anyone who has diabetes can develop diabetic retinopathy. Risk of developing the eye condition can increase as a result of:

Duration of diabetes — the longer you have diabetes, the greater your risk of developing diabetic retinopathy

Poor control of your blood sugar level

High blood pressure

High cholesterol


Tobacco use

Being African-American, Hispanic or Native American

Four Stages of Diabetic Retinopathy

Stage 1: Mild nonproliferative retinopathy — microaneurysms
Stage 2: Moderate nonproliferative retinopathy — blocked blood vessels
Stage 3: Severe nonproliferative retinopathy — more blocked blood vessels & a call for help

Stage 4: Proliferative retinopathy — blood vessels grow on the retina


Diabetic retinopathy involves the abnormal growth of blood vessels in the retina. Complications can lead to serious vision problems:

Vitreous hemorrhage:

Diabetic retinopathy involves the abnormal growth of blood vessels in the retina. The new blood vessels may lead into the clear, jelly-like substance that fills the center of your eye. If the amount of bleeding is small there may be a few dark spots. But in case if the bleeding is more the blood can fill the vitreous cavity and completely block your vision.

Vitreous hemorrhage by itself is not responsible for permanent vision loss. The blood often clears from the eye within a few weeks or months. In this way you can save your retina from getting damaged and thus your vision may return to its previous clarity.

Retinal Detachment

Due to the abnormal blood vessels associated with diabetic retinopathy there is stimulating growth of scar tissue, which can pull the retina away from the back of the eye.


Glaucoma is a group of eye condition in which new blood vessels may grow in the front part of your eye and interfere with the normal flow of fluid out of the eye. This type of condition causing pressure in the eye to build up (glaucoma) and this pressure can damage the nerve that carries images from your eye to your brain (optic nerve).


If we talk about the complete vision loss then diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma or both are leading factors.

Book your appointment with an ophthalmologist at windy city retina for best treatment for diabetic retinopathy

Get Everything Know about Retinal Detachment

Retinal detachment is the condition of an eye in which a thin layer of the tissue at the back of the eye pulls away from the layer of blood vessels that provide it with oxygen and nutrients.

Some of the Conventional Retinal Detachment Treatments Include:


Vasectomy is a surgical procedure done by a specialist and in this procedure, the vitreous liquid is removed from the eye to provide better access to retina. This medical procedure is helpful for a variety of repairs, including the removal of scar tissue, laser repair of retinal detachments, and treatment of macular holes.

Scleral Bulking:

Scleral buckling is a surgical procedure performed by surgeons to repair a retinal detachment. This type of surgery is done by a surgeon with attaching a piece of silicone or a sponge onto the white of the eye at the spot of a retinal tear. The buckles push the sclera toward the retinal tear or break and thus repair the retinal detachment.

Laser/ Freezing treatment:

In this procedure, your surgeon will perform a laser to make small burns around the tear. The burns result in damaging that aids in the shutting of the tissue around the tear, which stops fluid from progressing and leading to a full-blown retinal detachment. Freezing is used with a special probe that relates intense cold to freeze the retina ensuing in scar tissue that will help enclose and fully seal the tear.

Pneumatic Retinopexy:

To repair certain types of retinal detachments, this type of surgery is done. Pneumatic retinopexy is usually an outpatient procedure, which means you don’t need to stay in the hospital. Your eye is numbed with local anesthesia before surgery. After that, the eye doctor (ophthalmologist) injects a gas bubble into the middle of the eye

Answer To Frequently Asked Queries

How Long Will I Have Double Vision After Detached Retina Surgery?

The first day after surgery it has noticed that the vision is worse because of eye medication or/and inflammation from surgery. There is a problem of double vision that can come into existence and will usually resolve over the first few days. Your vision should progressively improve, but it may take up to six months or longer to recover your best vision.

Distorted Vision After Retinal Detachment Surgery?

After the successful retinal detachment surgery, the loss of vision may occur. Causes contain a change in refraction (strength of glasses), cataract, retinal disease, or recurrent detachment. There are many causes why your sight may be poor following retinal detachment surgery.

Things to Know About Detached Retina Surgery Recovery 

For a few days after the surgery, you may have some pain in your eye and your vision may be blurry. You may have swollen, red, or tender in your eyes for several weeks. If your ophthalmologist used a gas bubble to flatten your retina during surgery, it is advised to keep your head in a special position for a few days or longer.

How to Improve Vision after Retinal Detachment Surgery?

It may take many months to improve your vision after retinal detachment surgery and in some cases may never fully return. Unfortunately, in the case of some patients with chronic retinal detachment, do not recover any vision. The less vision may be expected to return in case of severe detachment, and the longer it has been present.

Source Link:

Learn Some Interesting Facts About Age-Related Macular Degeneration

The macula is the central area of the retina and in case if someone suffering from macular degeneration then the macula gets affected. People over age of 50 may suffer from this kind of eye disorder and as age related macular degeneration progresses, the ability to see things clearly worsens.

It is possible that AMD affect one eye more than the other but as the disease progresses both the eyes may become affected. In case if an individual has macular degeneration in one eye there is possibility that he or she is more likely to develop it in the other eye than someone who does not.

Types of Macular Degeneration
a) Wet Macular Degeneration
b) Dry Macular Degeneration

Wet macular degeneration: It is a chronic eye disorder that is responsible for the blurred vision or a blind spot in your visual field. This type of AMD is caused by abnormal blood vessels that develop under the macula and break, bleed, and leak fluid. Wet macular degeneration demages the macula and if left untreated can result in rapid and severe loss of central vision.

Dry macular degeneration: It is a common eye disorder and people over 50 can suffer from such type of macular degeneration. If someone suffering from dry macular degeneration then It causes blurred or reduced central vision, due to thinning of the macula (MAK-u-luh). In this type of macula disorder the blood vessels in the eye do not leak. And in most cases it affects both eyes.

However knowing the exact cause of AMD is unknown, but the condition develops as the eye ages.

• Distortion (warping) of straight lines
• A decrease in the intensity or brightness of colors
• A gradual or sudden loss of central vision, or
• Dark, blurry areas in the center of vision.

Consult Dr Ankit Desai 📞 (815)714-9115 for getting best treatment for age related macular degeneration

Create your website at
Get started